An Evaluation of the Construct Validity of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale: A Confirmatory Factor Analytic Approach

Volume
Volume 19
Issue
Spring 1991
Title
An Evaluation of the Construct Validity of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale: A Confirmatory Factor Analytic Approach
Abstract

The construct validity of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) was examined utilizing confirmatory Factor Analysis (LISREL). One- and two-dimensional models were investigated in two religious samples (Davis, Longfellow, Moody, & Moynihan, 1987; Huggins, 1988). Fit to the models was assessed using the chi-square statistic, the ratio of chi-square relative to its degrees of freedom, the Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index, and the Tucker-Lewis Index as goodness of fit indicators. The fit was quite poor for both the one- and two-dimensional models. Although the two-factor model was superior to the one-factor model, neither model provided a good conceptualization of the factor structure of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale in these samples. These results suggest that, contrary to Ellison'€™s two factor conceptualization and a postulated general factor model, the SWBS may be factorially complex. This complexity makes interpretation of scores ambiguous.

Authors
M.F. Ledbetter, Dr. L.A. Smith, Dr. J.D. Fischer, W.L. Vosler-Hunter and Dr. T.P. Chaddock
Pages
94 - 102
Price
Add to Cart $5.00