Kleinian Psychodynamics and Religious Aspects of Hatred as a Defense Mechanism

Volume
Volume 25
Issue
Spring 1997
Title
Kleinian Psychodynamics and Religious Aspects of Hatred as a Defense Mechanism
Abstract

Hatred is placed in the theoretical framework of object relations, e.g., splitting, as developed by Melanie Klein and Otto Kernberg; it is also interpreted in a general religious context as a major barrier to forgiveness and to psychological health. Within the therapy process of the adult client, an important aspect of hatred is that it is a willed choice, i.e., the self acting as agent (Meissner, 1993). Hatred'€™s extreme resistance to change is explained as due to its function as a defense against narcissistic injury. Defenses supported by hatred are described, for example, hatred defends one against the source memory and thus against a depressing, humiliating or inadequate past; hatred protects one from the risks of intimate relationships; it creates the benefits of the sick role and of self-pity; it defends one'€™s unrealistic ego-ideals and moral pride; and it permits the pleasures of moral superiority.

Authors
Dr. P.C. Vitz and Dr. P. Mango
Pages
64 - 71
Price
Add to Cart $5.00