Dimensions Underlying Sixteen Models of Forgiveness and Reconciliation

Volume 32
Spring 2004
Dimensions Underlying Sixteen Models of Forgiveness and Reconciliation

Numerous models of interpersonal forgiveness and reconciliation have proliferated, while the number of constructs common to these models and how these constructs interrelate has gone untested. Sixteen path models of forgiveness and reconciliation were examined in 180 predominantly Christian college students. Results of factor analysis suggested five underlying constructs: Hurt and Anger, Receiving God's Forgiveness, Emotional Forgiveness, Empathy, and Reconciliation. Structural equations modeling supported a model whereby people simultaneously experience Hurt and Anger while Receiving God's Forgiveness, and which then relate to Emotional Forgiveness, then Empathy, then Reconciliation. These results suggest substantial overlap among models, empirically support a distinction between Emotional Forgiveness and Reconciliation, and suggest that Receiving God'•s Forgiveness is an important factor for religious people beginning reconciliation.

Dr. D.F. Walker and Dr. R.L. Gorsuch
12 - 25
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