Sexual Orientation, Mental Health, Gender, and Spirituality: Prejudicial Attitudes & Social Influence in Faith Communities

Volume
Volume 36
Issue
Summer 2008
Title
Sexual Orientation, Mental Health, Gender, and Spirituality: Prejudicial Attitudes & Social Influence in Faith Communities
Abstract

This study examined how the attitudes of conservative American Protestants attending Midwestern churches might vary as a function of religious beliefs, gender, and exposure to scenarios of people from stigmatized groups who were asking for spiritual care. Results of the 2 (scenario gender) x 2 (scenario sexual orientation) x 2 (scenario mental health issue) x 2 (participant gender) MANOVA revealed significance for sexual orientation bias (L = .79, F (2, 88) = 11.94, p < .001, h2 = .21) and participant gender bias (L = .91, F (2, 88) = 4.13, p = .02, h2 = .09. Follow-up ANOVA's revealed different effects depending on whether participants reported personal or perceived group attitudes. We discuss the results in terms of social comparison theory and projection.

Authors
K.C. McLeland and Dr. G.W. Sutton
Pages
104 - 113
Price
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