The digital revolution in communications continues to have a profound effect on education and the way it is delivered in both the church and the
academy. Online mediated education, which was in its infancy less than two decades ago, now continues to expand to the point where it is becoming a predominate form of education. This expansion has created the need for specialists who understand the dynamics of effective education in a virtual environment. This special edition of the Christian Education Journal examines different facets of effective Christian education in our digital world.
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are one of the latest innovations in higher education. They represent a classic example of a phenomenon called disruptive innovation. This article traces the origins of MOOCs and the reasons for their rapid development in digital education. MOOCs may or may not survive in their present form, but by considering the issues they seem designed to confront, those who work in higher education can gain valuable insight into what forces are shaping the future of the field and how we can proactively engage in that shaping process.
Keywords: MOOC, disruptive innovation, higher education, digital education, higher education business models, higher education curriculum models, on-line education
Ministerial formation is an essential function of Christian education. Its goal is for ministers and their families to experience a lifetime of fruitful service. When formation does not take into account forces of deformation commonly experienced in ministry, the result is malformation that leads to failure under stress with devastating consequences. Statistics suggest that ministers are not adequately prepared to handle common stressors encountered in ministry environments. At least four common stressors in ministry should be addressed in curricular design for ministerial formation to build a "firewall" of protection for ministers and their families to ensure better long-term outcomes.