Dr. Michael W. Firmin

Articles by this Author

  1. Six-Year Outcome Effects of Former Timothy-Award Recipients

    Spring 2010, Experiential Learning — Pages 52-69

    We conducted 24 interviews in a phenomenological qualitative research study in as part of appraising the perceived residual outcomes of the AWANA program. Our sample consisted of individuals who were Timothy award recipients 6 years prior to the data collection. Two prominent themes were evidenced through analysis of the participantsâ?? transcripts. The first centered on the former Timothy recipientsâ?? cognitions concerning the people with whom they interacted during their AWANA experience. These related to the relationships they recalled from their AWANA days. The second theme focused on the memorization that was accomplished in order to receive the Timothy award. Overall, participants believe it was a worthwhile endeavor and profitable for their long-term spiritual development.

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  2. Three-Year Outcome Effects of Former AWANA Timothy-Award Recipients

    Spring 2007 — Pages 100-116

    The present study follows Firmin, Kuhn, Michonski, and Posten (2005) in a series of empirical investigations regarding residual effects of former AWANA participants. We selected 24 Timothy award conducted in-depth interviews with each participant, utilizing a rigorous qualitative research method. Four themes were evident in analyzing the data: salient AWANA influences during the time of the child’s participation in AWANA, the current life of the participants, social trends of the participants through their time in AWANA to present day, and the participants’ thoughts and feelings on how they perceived AWANA to have been conducted.

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  3. From Outside-In to Inside-Out: A Qualitative Analysis of Childhood Motivation by Achievers in AWANA Programs

    Spring 2005 — Pages 77-96

    This study explored the motivational factors of elementary students participating in AWANA, an evangelical Christian religious club. A qualitative research design was employed to gather data from 52 participants in six states. Participants consisted of 24 male and 28 female sixth grade students in the final year of club participation who were eligible to complete the program in Spring 2004. Involvement with AWANA entails Scripture memory and other character-building activities. Data collection consisted of semi-structured interviews with open-ended questions regarding their overall club experience and motivation. Results were analyzed to assess motivational factors contributing to long-term club participation and completion of the program. By long-term, we indicate that the majority of students had participated in the program enough years to complete the required books for the Timothy Award. Overall, we found that award recipients began AWANA with an outside-in, or extrinsic, motivation. However, by the time they achieved their awards, they seemed to have converted to more of an inside-out, or intrinsic, motivation.

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