A Trinitarian understanding of the God who is saving us through Jesus Christ in the power of the Holy Spirit is the beginning point of all discussion related to the aims of Christian religious education. The relation of conversion and conversation as the simultaneous aims is given form and direction by God's pattern of work in the world. To live doxologically as teachers and learners, we come to understand the importance of the interplay between education, theology, and social analysis.
The Philadelphia Sunday and Adult School Union (1817-1824) represents an educational movement that had significant influence on the nature and functions of the American Sunday school. Guided in its early stages by the innovative programming of the Reverend Robert May, a missionary from the London Missionary Society, the Union came to represent the American Sunday school as a vehicle for evangelical Christian education. This is a descriptive and suggestive study that the author hopes will spark renewed interest in the history of the formation of the concept of the Sunday school in the United States.