This article surveys the historical development of three primary orientations to curriculum. The curriculum designs of major theorists are described and examples are given of the application of these designs to Christian education in the church. The three orientations view curriculum as being preservative, productive, and participative. Exposure to these orientations should provide two kids of insights for church educators: 1. Insights into curriculum design assumptions and procedures as they relate to overall curriculum strategies and to curriculum materials; and 2. Insights into which orientation(s) to curriculum are most consistent with their Christian values.